TEHRAN — “The Conquest of Bread,” an 1892 book by Russian anarcho-communist Peter Kropotkin, has been published in Persian.
Afkar is the editor of the book translated by Reza Eskandari.
The fourth in AK Press’ “Working Classics” series, “The Conquest of Bread” is Kropotkin’s most in-depth study of human needs and his outline of the most rational and equitable means of meeting them.
A combination of detailed historical analysis and far-reaching utopian vision, it is a step-by-step guide to social revolution: the concrete means of achieving it, and the world that humanity’s “constructive genius” is capable of. to create.
It includes a new introduction that historically situates and discusses the contemporary relevance of Kropotkin’s ideas.
In the book, Kropotkin outlines what he sees as the flaws of the economic systems of feudalism and capitalism, and why he believes they thrive and maintain poverty and scarcity.
He goes on to propose a more decentralized economic system based on mutual aid and voluntary cooperation, asserting that the tendencies towards this type of organization already exist, both in evolution and in human society.
Originally written in French, it first appeared as a series of articles in the anarchist journal La Révolte. It was first published in Paris with a preface by Elisée Reclus, who also suggested the title.
Between 1892 and 1894 it was partially serialized in the London journal Freedom, of which Kropotkin was a co-founder.
Kropotkin wrote many books, pamphlets and articles, the most important being “The Conquest of Bread” and “Fields, Factories and Workshops”. His main scholarly offering was “Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution”, and he also contributed to the eleventh edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica.
“The Conquest of Bread” has become a classic of political anarchist literature. He had a great influence on both the Spanish Civil War and the Occupy movement.
Photo: cover of the Persian translation of Peter Kropotkin’s book “The Conquest of Bread”.